Ethiopia Gidey

Notes: Strawberry, Blackberry & Lime. Very wild and floral with loads of sweetness and a long finish.

BREW: All Methods

ROAST: Medium 

LOCATION: Limu Kossa, Oromia. South Western

PROCESS: Natural

VARIETAL: Indigenous wild heirloom

Altitude: 1840 - 2130 masl

Coffee in Ethiopia has been traded on the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange since 2008. The ECX was established to create an element of collective bargaining for farmers who are not members of cooperatives or owning large estates. Previously, only a third of all the agricultural products produced in Ethiopia reached the market due to the high costs and risks involved with trading. There was no assurance of product quality or quantity which meant buyers would only trade with suppliers they knew and trusted. This resulted in many of Ethiopia’s agricultural producers becoming isolated from the market, forcing them to sell their produce to the nearest buyer, sometimes a chain of multiple middlemen, and leaving them unable to negotiate on price or improve their market position.

With the introduction of the ECX, coffee exports in Ethiopia have become more regulated and centralized, enabling more smallholder producers to have access to the global market. Ninety per cent of all the coffee produced in Ethiopia now moves through the ECX where it is cupped and graded according to flavour profile and quality. Since its inception in 2008, the ECX claims to have introduced:

Market integrity - by guaranteeing the product grade and quantity and operating a system of daily clearing and settling of contracts.

Market efficiency - by operating a trading system where buyers and sellers can coordinate in a seamless way on the basis of standardized contracts.

Market transparency - by disseminating market information in real time to all market players.

This system seems to have been successful in giving more smallholders access to the market and can result in some really consistent stand out lots with incredible flavour profiles. The downside for the specialty buyer is the inability to access information about the precise origins of the coffee, and thus an inability to purchase from the same producers year after year.


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